BERLIN 2019 - The them for this year's event is an insider's view of climate science, politics and solutions.

Climate Change - The Earth's atmosphere has changed all through history. Just over the most recent 650,000 years there have been seven cycles of frigid development and withdraw, with the sudden end of the last ice age around 7,000 years prior denoting the start of the cutting edge atmosphere time — and of human progress. A large portion of these atmosphere changes are ascribed to little varieties in Earth's circle that change the measure of sun based vitality our planet gets.

Planetary Extract - Earth-circling satellites and other innovative advances have empowered researchers to see the 10,000 foot view, gathering a wide range of kinds of data about our planet and its atmosphere on a worldwide scale. This assemblage of information, gathered over numerous years, uncovers the signs of an evolving atmosphere. The planet's normal surface temperature has ascended around 1.62 degrees Fahrenheit (0.9 degrees Celsius) since the late nineteenth century, a change driven to a great extent by expanded carbon dioxide and other human-made emanations into the atmosphere. Most of the warming happened in the previous 35 years, with the five hottest years on record occurring since 2010. Not exclusively was 2016 the hottest year on record, however eight of the a year that make up the year.

High Elevated Points - Ice sheets are withdrawing wherever around the globe — incorporating into the Alps, Himalayas, Andes, Rockies, Alaska and Africa.

Sea Level - Worldwide ocean level around 8 crawls in the most recent century. The rate over the most recent two decades, nonetheless, is almost twofold that of the most recent century and is quickening marginally every year Since the start of the Industrial Revolution, the causticity of surface sea waters has expanded by around 30 %. This expansion is the consequence of people emanating more carbon dioxide into the air and subsequently all the more being ingested into the seas. The measure of carbon dioxide consumed by the upper layer of the seas is expanding by around 2 billion tons for every year.

Fossil Fuels - 'Proceeded with "nothing new" dependence on petroleum products is relied upon to prompt a multiplying of pre-modern levels of carbon dioxide by around 2050, and potentially a tripling by around 2100. This outflow pathway for carbon dioxide, combined with ascends in the other ozone depleting substances, would be relied upon to create a warming of around 4.5°C by 2100, yet conceivably as low as 3°C or as high as 7°C'

Global Climate Change Mitigation - 'Environmental change moderation activities are intended to lessen nursery discharges and increment the measures of ozone harming substances expelled from the climate by nursery 'sinks'. The seas, plants and soils are carbon dioxide sinks since they assimilate more carbon than they emit. The objective for worldwide alleviation was set in 1992 by the (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change-UNFCCC) as: 'adjustment of ozone depleting substance focuses in the air at a level that would anticipate risky anthropogenic obstruction with the atmosphere frame work.

Agriculture - NSW has differing scenes and biological communities, including Australia's biggest and most noteworthy high zones, some portion of the Murray-Darling Basin, broad rangelands, and a portion of the country's most profitable rural zones.

Temperature - NSW has differing scenes and biological communities, including Australia's biggest and most astounding Temperature and precipitation vacillate enormously, with expansive fluctuation in regular and territorial climatic conditions bringing heat waves, storms, dry seasons, surges and bushfires, which can effect sly affect nature, human life and property.


The planet's normal surface temperature has ascended around 1.62oF (0.9oC) since the late nineteenth century, a change driven to a great extent by expanded carbon dioxide and other human-made discharges into the atmosphere. Most of the warming happened in the previous 35 years, with the five hottest years on record occurring since 2010. Not exclusively was 2016 the hottest year on record, however eight of the a year that make up the year..

Climate Change - Environmental change will fuel common fluctuation, making it harder to deal with our scenes and biological systems and the human exercises that rely upon them. Networks officially influenced by atmosphere fluctuation will be tested by an atmosphere move, and there will be extra requests on our crisis administrations and wellbeing framework.

Greenhouse Gases - All around, logical and innovative research is in progress into how to diminish the measure of ozone depleting substances that we emanate. This incorporates investigation into:

* Cleaner vitality supplies, for example, power from sustainable sources and car biofuels
* Using vitality all the more proficiently to abstain from consuming non-renewable energy sources.
* Developing more proficient transport
* Improved crop land and domesticated animals administration
* Better squander administration
* Reducing land clearing and deforestation.

As carbon dioxide collects in the air, common sinks of carbon dioxide turn out to be significantly more imperative as methods for engrossing extra fixations.






TRACK-1: Climate Change and Climatology

Climatology and environment science is the legitimate examination of air, deductively portrayed as atmosphere conditions touched base at the midpoint of over a period of time. This present day field of study is seen as a part of the ecological sciences and a subfield of physical topography, or, in other words the Earth sciences. Climatology presently consolidates parts of oceanography and biogeochemistry.


Basic learning of environment can be used inside shorter term atmosphere envisioning using basic methodologies, for instance, the El Nińo– Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the Madden– Julian faltering (MJO), the North Atlantic influencing (NAO), the Northern Annular Mode (NAM) or, in other words the Arctic faltering (AO), the Northern Pacific (NP) Index, the Pacific decadal faltering (PDO), and the Inter decadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO).


Environment models are used for a collection of purposes from examination of the stream of the atmosphere and climate structure to projections of future air. Atmosphere is known as the condition of nature over some stretch of time, while air needs to do with the cool over a contacted uncertain time span.

TRACK-2: Global Warming and Consequences

Most scientists agree that the Earth is in fact experiencing increasing temperatures, and many believe that humans are enhancing this overall warming trend. The likely effects of global warming will not be limited to one country—or even one continent—and will permeate almost every aspect of the environment and of life for all living things.


Potential effects listed here are just a handful of those discussed in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) 2007 report .raising sea levels are the most common concern; taking place with a thermal expansion of the oceans—a result of water molecules expanding in warmer temperatures, increased precipitation, and the melting of mountain glaciers. Because all bodies of water have varying shapes and ocean water tends to “swell” differently depending on its starting temperature, the change in sea level is not uniform over the surface of the Earth. In the 20th century alone, sea levels rose 0.17 meters predictions for the next century range anywhere from 0.18 to 0.59 meters. While smaller projections would likely have only relatively modest impacts, the higher projections could have dramatic effects on low-lying coastal communities.




IN ACTION - Wind power is working for us to free us from the shackles of fossil fuels.



Diza Cristopher| Program ManagerClimate Change 2019Conference Series Ltd47 Churchfield Road, London, W3 6AYOffice P: +44 203 769 0972Email: 





1. TRANSPORT: Phase out polluting vehicles and put limits on air travel. Government aims should aim to end the sale of new petrol, and diesel vehicles by 2040 but presently have no infrastructure plan to support such ambition. This should be addressed. Marine transport can be carbon neutral, but will take longer to change technology.


2. RENEWABLESRenewable energy should replace carbon-based fuels (coal, oil and gas) in our electricity, heating and for transport.


3. HOUSING: On site micro or macro generation is the best option, starting with new build homes that are low cost and sustainable in concept.


4. AGRICULTURE: We need trees to absorb carbon emissions from a growing population and to build new affordable homes. We should aim to reduce food waste and promote less energy intensive eating habits such as no meat Mondays. This might include developing better meat substitutes. A change to renewable energy for tractors and harvestors should be planned.


5. INDUSTRY: Factories should be aiming for solar heating and onsite renewable energy generation.


6. POLITICS: - National governing bodies need to adopt policies to eliminate administrative wastages, to include scaling down spending on war machines, increasing spend on educating the public and supporting sustainable social policies that mesh with other cultures. Development loans should not be offered to any country where they are in debt. Each loan should be repaid in full before another is considered, to limit economic ruin and overtaxing of their citizens.




COP 25 Santiago, Chile December 2019 climate change conference


CLIMATE CHANGE - The United Nations' climate summit talks are known as COP (= Conference Of the Parties). During these discussions action for climate policy is negotiated with each country fighting for points in a global economic struggle. Nobody wants to give ground, except that every party agrees in principle that they need to make concessions - otherwise, with deaths from heat exhaustion and strokes, eventually, there will be nothing to argue about. We will all be dead.


So far with over twenty-four years of haggling the arctic ice is still melting - and faster than ever. No wonder so many high profile people and corporations are worried. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international treaty adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro from 1992. The UNFCCC objective is to "stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system".



COP 25 United Nations climate change conference 2019 





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