Please use our A-Z INDEX to navigate this site, or return HOME
EXAMPLES OF EV RANGES - For most users, 100 miles range would allow the shopping run and visits to the folks and friends, without too much of a panic about range limitation. As soon as this range is exceeded, these cars become useless in terms of replacing petrol and diesel cars. What is needed is an infrastructure that replaces the convenience of fossil fuel servicing with the advantages of zero emissions and renewable energy, to create a truly sustainable society in United Nations' terms: SDG 7, 11 and 13.
The 2019 model year of the
BMW i3 gets the long-awaited 120 Ah battery cells from Samsung SDI. The 120 Ah battery cells give the battery pack a total capacity of 42,2 kWh (96 x 120 Ah x 3,667 V).
- Original battery cells: 60 Ah – EPA range of 81 miles (130 km)
- First upgrade (2017): 94 Ah – EPA range of 115 miles (185 km)
Second upgrade (2018): 120 Ah – EPA range of 153 miles (246 km)
However, the WLTP range is more optimistic and will be 285-310 km.
The sportier version (BMW i3s) and the extended range version (REX) will also get the new battery cells.
This is probably the last battery capacity upgrade that the BMW i3 gets before a major facelift or being completely replaced by a new model.
HYDROGEN FUEL CELL CARTRIDGE - It looks like a battery cartridge. It performs like a battery cartridge. It stores energy like a lithium battery cartridge, but it is a hydrogen fuel store and fuel cell cartridge combination. Where lithium and cobalt raw materials may limit the production numbers of EVs as green motoring becomes the norm, hydrogen in a safe format might offer unlimited possibilities to resolve range anxiety. The concept is compatible with SMARTNET FASTCHARGE service stations. NOTE: This is just a concept, not a product yet. More development is needed to before mass production could be entertained. Design Copyright and patent(s) pending February 2020, all rights reserved Bluebird Marine Systems Ltd.
EUROPEAN AUTO MANUFACTURERS INCLUDE:
MAKES OF ELECTRIC TRUCKS
TESLA S CARTRIDGE EXCHANGE - This concept is not a million miles away from SMARTNET, except that the underground method makes it expensive and complicated. This is a variation of the Better Place system. The point here is that with a bit of tweaking, FASTCHARGE can be made to work in practical terms.
2013 - Elon Musk came next with a Tesla S production vehicle modified to swap cartridges. Tesla is now concentrating on rapid charge stations.
A - Z of CARS and MOTORCYCLES
LINKS & REFERENCE
Please use our A-Z INDEX to navigate this site
This website is provided on a free basis as a public information service. copyright © Climate Change Trust 2020. Solar Studios, BN271RF, United Kingdom.