AUTOMATED & ELECTRIC VEHICLES ACT 2018
Please use our A-Z INDEX to navigate this site
ELECTRIC TRUCK & VAN FEB 2020 - I think its a bit of an understatement to say that Boris Johnson has taken the UK automotive world by surprise by his announcement yesterday that the sale of petrol and diesel cars and vans will end in 2035 – five years earlier than previously announced.
Not only that, he’s gone even further by including hybrid vehicles which will send a shiver down the spines of one or two corporate shoulders in both the automotive and leasing fraternity.
Interestingly, he didn’t mention if any of the staged goals along the way have changed. For instance, the Department for Transport’s “Road to Zero” programme (essentially the government’s bible on the decarbonising of the automotive sector) mentioned a ‘2030 stage’ when it was compiled by the former Transport Secretary Chris Grayling just 18 months ago.
According to the document, the government wanted to see at least 50% – and as many as 70% – of new car sales and up to 40% of new van sales being ultra low emission by 2030.
Of course, one of the key changes from the original goals is the inclusion of hybrids to the ban, basically meaning we are going for zero emission at tailpipe rather than low emission – a phenomenally major deviation from the course already set less than 18 months ago.
So where does this leave the automotive industry and for our part the light commercial vehicle sector?
We have to remember not every van operation is currently suitable for electrification but this will change over time, but the speed of transition and matching this to product availability will be a challenge.
We also have to recognise that light commercial vehicles come second in the pecking order after passenger cars for most OEMs. I don’t know why, because often the average profit per unit is higher, but obviously the volumes are smaller (although growing disproportionately faster than passenger cars!).
Inevitably vans will be competing with their passenger car cousins for batteries and that creates a problem, i.e. battery supply. This is not a vehicle issue – its basically down to a “battle for the batteries”!
The UK market cannot be seen isolation – it is a very large global market. Comparisons are also often drawn with Norway, but in reality this is also irrelevant because of everything from the carbonisation of their grid to the size of the market and their incentive schemes – I wish it was that simple!
For our country to have the ability to ban the sale of new diesel, petrol and hybrids by 2035, we will need a sea change in government attitude and more importantly financial support!
Just as imperative, the European OEMs need to substantially increase their investment and capacities because selling around 3.5m zero-emission cars and vans a year in the UK within 14 years (we are already in 2020) is a brilliant goal to set – but setting a goal and providing the environment for that to be achieved is another .
All of us in the industry need to call the government to account if we are not given the tools to make this happen; they set the goals so should also provide the framework and financial environment to help industry achieve it!
DOT NEWS 18 OCTOBER 2017
Boost for electric and driverless car industry as government drives forward green transport revolution
The Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill will increase the access and availability of chargepoints for electric cars, while also giving the government powers to make it compulsory for chargepoints to be installed across the country and enabling drivers of automated cars to be insured on UK roads
Transport Minister John Hayes said:
We want the UK to be the best place in the world to do business and a leading hub for modern transport technology, which is why we are introducing the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill in Parliament and investing more than £1.2 billion in the industry.
This bill will aid the construction of greater infrastructure to support the growing demand for automated and electric vehicles as we embrace this technology and move into the future.
Drivers of electric vehicles will be able to easily locate and charge at any chargepoint, using information from sat navs or mobile apps, regardless of the vehicle make or model - making running an electric vehicle even easier. All chargepoints will have to be ‘smart’, meaning they can interact with the grid in order to manage demand for electricity across the country.
Roads Minister Jesse Norman said:
Automated and electric vehicles will help improve air quality, cut congestion, boost safety and create thousands of skilled jobs in the UK. We have already supported the purchase of 115,000 ultra-low emission cars and there are already more than 11,500 publicly available chargepoints, but the demand continues to grow as more people purchase electric vehicles to cut fuel costs and boost the environment.
Jesse Norman will also announce further funding for local authorities at the Smarter Travel Conference in Milton Keynes on Thursday (19 October 2017) to fund install chargepoints in residential areas where cars are parked on the street.
Steve Gooding, Director of the RAC Foundation said:
We are pleased to see the provisions of the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill re-starting their passage through the Parliamentary process
It is clear that government needs to do more to accelerate the take-up of electric vehicles, tackling the issues that are currently persuading motorists to stick with conventional fuels, as well as paving the way for autonomy
The test, though, will be how effectively those powers are exercised
All drivers of automated vehicles will be required to be insured and victims of collisions involving an automated vehicle will have quick and easy access to compensation, in line with existing insurance practices.
James Dalton, ABI:
Insurers wholeheartedly support the development of automated vehicles, as they have the potential to significantly reduce the large number of road accidents caused by driver error. We support the approach the government has taken in the bill, as this will give the industry time to prepare for the commercial rollout of fully automated driving technology.
The bill will receive its first reading in the House of Commons today.
Roads media enquiries 020 7944 3021
DOT UK - This legislation is part of the Government’s industrial strategy to promote the development and deployment of both automated and electric vehicles and is in line with policies on climate change. Note that an automated vehicle (AV) does not have to be electrically powered and an electrically powered vehicle does not have to be an AV.
The purpose of this legislation is both to amend the existing compulsory third party insurance framework by extending it to cover the use of automated vehicles and deal with electric and hydrogen powered vehicle charging infrastructure.
UK MAP - Draft infrastructure networked grid for the UK to kick-start EV service station building, aiming for a low carbon society that is sustainable and climate friendly by 2050 to comply with the targets set by the Climate Change Act 2008. This map is simplified and includes the Republic of Ireland for practical reasons. Supplied by and used with permission of Bluebird Energy Systems. If we use just the intersections as likely locations that would mean installing 60+ stations, that could recharge more than the 14,000 charge points in the UK as of January of 2018. Another 1,800 such stations at strategic locations could service all 25,000,000 million vehicles in the United Kingdom. Optimistic, but you have to start somewhere when conceptualizing.
New powers to kick-start the rollout of electric chargepoints across the nation. The new laws will improve consumer confidence in charging electric vehicles and modernise insurance rules.
The UK took a major step in its electric vehicle revolution today (19 July 2018) when the Automated and Electric Vehicles Act passed through Parliament.
The act is a significant step towards improving air quality, cutting congestion, boosting road safety and the creation of thousands of jobs across the UK.
The AEV Act will see a massive improvement in electric chargepoint availability; giving the government new powers to ensure motorway services are upgraded with plenty of points, and even allowing mayors to request installations at large fuel retailers in their areas.
The new laws will improve consumer confidence in charging their vehicles by:
- making sure that public chargepoints are compatible with all vehicles
- standardising how they are paid for
- setting standards for reliability
MODEL 1:20 - April 6 2020, a model of the service station is under construction, shown here with two Mercedes articulated container trucks inside. We are using plywood for the building and some of the working parts - that cannot be shown due to patent law prohibiting prior publication. The Automated & Electric Vehicle Act 2018, makes it law in England that provision must be made for charging and refuelling of electric vehicles at service stops. This system would more accurately be described as a refuelling point - since the energy exchanges for trucks and cars are virtually instant. The building can be a quarter this size for city locations where space is limited. But for load levelling purposes, the larger the capacity of stored electricity, the more efficient the grid. Copyright photograph © 6 April 2020, Cleaner Ocean Foundation.
Jesse Norman, Roads Minister, said:
The UK is becoming a world leader in the roll-out of low-emission transport. Today we have passed a significant milestone in that journey.
The increasing automation of our cars is transforming the way we drive, and the government is steadily updating our laws in order to prepare for the future.
This act will ensure that the UK’s infrastructure and insurance system is ready for the biggest transport revolution in a century.
The act will also bring automated vehicle insurance in line with longstanding motor insurance practice, ensuring that motorists are covered both when they are driving, and when the driver has legitimately handed control to the vehicle.
The measures in the new act form part of the government’s recently launched Road to Zero strategy. The strategy sets the stage for the biggest technology advancement to hit UK roads since the invention of the combustion engine.
The UK will also be hosting the world’s first Zero Emission Vehicle summit later this year in Birmingham, promoting the UK as a world leader for investment in and uptake of zero emission vehicles.
UK CABINET POLICY MAKERS - APRIL 2020
SPONSORS OF THE BILL
WHO JUNE 2019 - A newly installed solar power plant in the Gaza Strip, Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), will reduce Nasser Hospital’s reliance on donated fuel and, by providing life-saving interventions, help build resilience. This is according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
2018 CHAPTER 18
Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
(1) For the purposes of this Part —
(2) In this Part —
“operator”, in relation to a public charging or refuelling point, has the meaning given by regulations;
“prescribed” means prescribed by regulations;
“vehicle” means a vehicle that is intended or adapted for use on roads.
(1) Regulations may impose requirements on operators of public charging or refuelling points in connection with —
(c) the components of public charging or refuelling points that provide the means by which vehicles connect to such points (“connecting components”).
(2) Regulations under subsection (1)(a) may require operators —
(a) to provide a prescribed method of payment or verification for obtaining access to the use of public charging or refuelling points;
(b) to co-operate with each other for the purposes of a requirement imposed by the regulations (for example, by sharing facilities or information);
(c) to take prescribed steps for the purposes of such a requirement (for example, to provide information to a prescribed person).
(3) Regulations under subsection (1)(b) may, for example, require the operator of a public charging or refuelling point to ensure that the point complies with prescribed requirements (which may include technical specifications).
(4) Regulations under subsection (1)(c) may, for example, require the operator of a public charging or refuelling point to ensure that its connecting components comply with prescribed requirements (which may include technical specifications for connecting components or any related equipment).
(1) Regulations may impose requirements on —
large fuel retailers falling within a prescribed description, or
(2) Regulations under subsection (1) may, for example —
require large fuel retailers or service area operators to provide public charging or refuelling points;
(3) In this section “large fuel retailer” and “service area operator” have the meaning given by regulations.
12. Duty to consider making regulations under section 11 (1) (a) on request by elected mayor
(1) The Secretary of State must consider making section 11(1)(a) regulations in relation to the whole or part of a relevant area if —
the mayor for the relevant area makes a request for such regulations to be made,
(2) “Section 11(1)(a) regulations” means regulations under section 11(1) that impose requirements on large fuel retailers within section 11(1)(a).
(3) Condition 1 is that the Secretary of State is satisfied that, before making the request, the mayor —
published proposals for section 11(1)(a) regulations to be made in relation to the whole or part of the relevant area,
each local authority any part of whose area falls within the relevant area or, if the request relates to part of the relevant area, within that part,
(4) Condition 2 is that the mayor has given the Secretary of State a summary of the responses to the consultation referred to in subsection (3)(b).
(5) Condition 3 is that regulations have been made under section 11(3) in relation to the meaning of “large fuel retailer”.
(6) If the Secretary of State decides not to make section 11(1)(a) regulations in response to the mayor’s request, the Secretary of State must notify the mayor of the decision and the reasons for it.
(7) For the purposes of this section —
“relevant area” means the area of a combined authority or Greater London;
in the case of the area of a combined authority, the mayor for the area elected in accordance with section 107A(2) of the 2009 Act;
(8) In this section —
“the 2009 Act” means the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009;
“combined authority” means a combined authority established under section 103(1) of the 2009 Act;
“large fuel retailer” has the same meaning as in section 11;
“local authority” means —
(1) Regulations may require operators of public charging or refuelling points to make available prescribed information relating to such points.
(2) The information that may be prescribed under subsection (1) in relation to a public charging or refuelling point is such information as the Secretary of State considers likely to be useful to users or potential users of the point, for example information about —
the location of the point and its operating hours,
(3) The regulations may make provision —
about when, how, to whom and in what form the information is to be made available;
(1) Regulations may make provision for the purpose of ensuring the ongoing transmission of charge point data to a prescribed person or to persons of a prescribed description.
(2) “Charge point data” means prescribed information relating to a charge point (which may include information about energy consumption and geographical information).
(3) Regulations under subsection (1) may impose requirements —
(a) on operators of charge points that are provided for use by members of the general public, and
(b) in relation to charge points that are not provided as mentioned in paragraph (a), on prescribed persons or persons of a prescribed description (subject to subsection (4)).
(4) Regulations under subsection (1) may not impose requirements on owners or occupiers of domestic premises.
(5) Regulations under subsection (1) may make provision about when, how and in what form charge point data is to be transmitted.
(1) Regulations may provide that a person must not sell or install a charge point unless it complies with prescribed requirements.
(2) The requirements that may be imposed under subsection (1) include requirements relating to the technical specifications for a charge point, including for example the ability of a charge point —
to receive and process information provided by a prescribed person,
(3) Regulations under subsection (1) may also prescribe requirements to be met in relation to the sale or installation of a charge point.
(4) In this section —
“sell” includes let on hire, lend or give;
a person of a prescribed description, and
(1) Regulations under this Part may make provision for enforcement in connection with a contravention of a requirement or prohibition imposed by the regulations.
(2) Regulations made by virtue of subsection (1) may, for example —
contain provision for determining whether there has been a failure to comply with a requirement or prohibition;
(3) The provision referred to in subsection (2)(a) includes —
provision authorising a prescribed person to enter any land in accordance with the regulations;
the production of documents or other things,
(1) Regulations under this Part may create exceptions from any requirement or prohibition imposed by the regulations.
(2) An exception may be created in relation to a prescribed description of persons or devices.
(3) The Secretary of State may determine that a requirement or prohibition imposed by regulations under this Part does not apply in relation to a person or device specified in the determination.
(4) The Secretary of State must publish a determination made under subsection (3).
(1) Regulations under this Part —
may make different provision for different purposes or different areas;
(2) A power to make regulations under this Part is exercisable by the Secretary of State by statutory instrument.
(3) Before making regulations under this Part, the Secretary of State must consult such persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.
(4) Subject to subsection (7), where —
a statutory instrument contains regulations under this Part, and
(5) Where —
a statutory instrument contains regulations under section 11 (large fuel retailers etc), and
(6) A statutory instrument containing regulations under this Part none of which are —
the first regulations under a provision of this Part, or
(7) Where regulations contain only provision made by virtue of —
section 10(3) or (4) (prescribed requirements for public charging or refuelling points or for connecting components), or
(8) If a draft of a statutory instrument containing relevant section 11(1)(a) regulations would, apart from this subsection, be treated for the purposes of the standing orders of either House of Parliament as a hybrid instrument, it is to proceed in that House as if it were not such an instrument.
(9) In subsection (8) “relevant section 11(1)(a) regulations” means regulations under section 11(1)(a) that are made pursuant to section 12 (duty to consider making regulations under section 11(1)(a) on request by elected mayor).
(1) The Secretary of State must, in respect of each reporting period, prepare a report assessing —
the impact and effectiveness of regulations made under this Part;
(2) Each report must be laid before Parliament after the end of the reporting period to which it relates.
(3) The first reporting period is the period of two years beginning with the day on which this Act is passed.
(4) Each subsequent period of 12 months after the first reporting period is a reporting period.
PART 3 Miscellaneous and general
MINOR AND CONSEQUENTIAL AMENDMENTS
"Autonomous vehicle" means a vehicle capable of navigating District roadways and interpreting traffic-control devices without a driver actively operating any of the vehicle's control systems. The term "autonomous vehicle" excludes a motor vehicle enabled with active safety systems or driver- assistance systems, including systems to provide electronic blind-spot assistance, crash avoidance, emergency braking, parking assistance, adaptive cruise control, lane-keep assistance, lane-departure warning, or traffic-jam and queuing assistance, unless the system alone or in combination with other systems enables the vehicle on which the technology is installed to drive without active control or monitoring by a human operator.
In the same district code, it is considered that:
An autonomous vehicle may operate on a public roadway; provided, that the vehicle:
(1) Has a manual override feature that allows a driver to assume control of the autonomous vehicle at any time;
(2) Has a driver seated in the control seat of the vehicle while in operation who is prepared to take control of the autonomous vehicle at any moment; and
(3) Is capable of operating in compliance with the District's applicable traffic laws and motor vehicle laws and traffic control devices.
HISTORY OF AUTOMATED CARS
The first semi-automated car was developed in 1977, by Japan's Tsukuba Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, which required specially marked streets that were interpreted by two cameras on the vehicle and an analog computer. The vehicle reached speeds up to 30 kilometres per hour (19 mph) with the support of an elevated rail.
ROBOCAR - A driverless racing car for RoboRace. Great, saves the high cost of human drivers.
In November 2017, Waymo announced that it had begun testing driverless cars without a safety driver in the driver position; however, there was still an employee in the
car. In October 2018, Waymo announced that its test vehicles had traveled in automated mode for over 10,000,000 miles (16,000,000 km), increasing by about 1,000,000 miles (1,600,000 kilometres) per month. In December 2018, Waymo was the first to commercialize a fully autonomous taxi service in the US, in Phoenix, Arizona.
In 2020, a National Transportation Safety Board chairman clarified there is no self-driving car in the US in 2020:
OF DRIVING AUTOMATION
Level 0: The automated system issues warnings and may momentarily intervene but has no sustained vehicle control.
CLIMATE CHANGE COP HISTORY
National Energy Board (Canada)
National Grid plc (formerly Central Electricity Generating Board UK)
SIX STEPS TOWARD A COOLER PLANET
1. TRANSPORT: Phase out polluting vehicles. Governments aim to end the sale of new petrol, and diesel vehicles by 2040 but have no feasible infrastructure plan to support such ambition. Marine transport can be carbon neutral with smaller container ships that are solar and wind powered.
3. HOUSING: On site micro or macro generation is the best option, starting with new build homes that are zero carbon, or energy neutral. We must make it illegal for councils to grant planning permission to any new houses that are not compliant. Local authorities are to blame for kleptocratic decision making - making them climate criminals.
4. AGRICULTURE: We need trees to absorb carbon emissions from a growing population, flying, and to build affordable new homes. Reducing food waste and promoting less energy intensive eating habits such as no meat Mondays.
6. POLITICS: - National governing bodies need to adopt rules to eliminate administrative wastages, to include scaling down spending on war machines, increasing spend on educating the public and supporting sustainable social policies that mesh with other cultures. One way of pushing this agenda is total transparency in Governments and Courts as per United Nations SDG 16. This would tend to prevent corrupt politicians and civil servants from pursuing unlawful agendas.
LINKS & REFERENCES
This website is provided on a free basis as a public information service. copyright © Climate Change Trust 2020. Solar Studios, BN271RF, United Kingdom.