An ordinary car like the Toyota Mirai, Honda Clarity, BMW X5, or Hyundai ix35, is stuck with compressed hydrogen gas for life. If, they'd used a Universal Energy Cartridge, they could move with the times. And need only have designed the chassis format once, instead of starting all over again for different fuels.
The hydrogen economy is based on splitting plain ordinary water using a process called electrolysis to obtain oxygen and hydrogen gases. It is like a dream come true, especially if we can generate free electricity using solar cells and wind turbines to split the water.
It sounds utterly amazing, until we look at the figures. Then you will understand why it is that the European Commission, under Ursula von der-Leyen's leadership, is investing massively in electrolyzers.
Robotrucks will need automated service station to refuel en-route. By using the SmartNet system, they can be recharged in minutes with autonomous vending, except in the case of mishap. When human engineers would be called for repairs. But, typically, regular servicing and remote data monitoring will tell operators what the state of play is.
UNIVERSAL ENERGY CARTRIDGE - It looks like a battery cartridge. It performs like a battery cartridge. It stores energy like a battery cartridge, but it is a hydrogen fuel store and fuel cell cartridge combination. But the cartridge is even more versatile. It works with methanol and ammonia, liquid hydrogen and compressed gas. It can also be a lithium battery cartridge. That is why we call in the 'Universal Battery.' It is a system where compatible vehicles are future proofed against technology changes. Which, let us face it, can happen almost overnight as the rate of innovation development today.
Think also of your buyers (private and fleet operators) and investors in the technology. If you invest in hydrogen and methanol takes over, you've lost your money. If you invest in lithium batteries and hydrogen takes over, you've lost you money. But, if you invest in the Universal Battery, it makes no difference what chemistry is inside. Your vehicle fleet is future proofed.
ANYTHING BUT OIL
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PEMFC - Polymer exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) - The US Department of Energy (DOE) is focusing on the PEMFC as the most likely candidate for transportation applications. The PEMFC has a high power density and a relatively low operating temperature (ranging from 60 to 80 degrees Celsius, or 140 to 176 degrees Fahrenheit). The low operating temperature means that it doesn't take very long for the fuel cell to warm up and begin generating electricity.
Hydrogen can be produced in many different ways. Green, Yellow and Pink - use electricity and water. The other methods are not sustainable. And pink hydrogen uses nuclear power stations, that we hope will be phased out as being far too dangerous.
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