ELECTROLYSIS

 

 

  ELECTROLYZERS SPLIT WATER INTO HYDROGEN AND OXYGEN USING ELECTRICITY

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An ordinary car like the Toyota Mirai, Honda Clarity, BMW X5, or Hyundai ix35, is stuck with compressed hydrogen gas for life. If, they'd used a Universal Energy Cartridge, they could move with the times. And need only have designed the chassis format once, instead of starting all over again for different fuels.

 

 

 

 

The hydrogen economy is based on splitting plain ordinary water using a process called electrolysis to obtain oxygen and hydrogen gases. It is like a dream come true, especially if we can generate free electricity using solar cells and wind turbines to split the water.

 

It sounds utterly amazing, until we look at the figures. Then you will understand why it is that the European Commission, under Ursula von der-Leyen's leadership, is investing massively in electrolyzers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Robotrucks will need automated service station to refuel en-route. By using the SmartNet system, they can be recharged in minutes with autonomous vending, except in the case of mishap. When human engineers would be called for repairs. But, typically, regular servicing and remote data monitoring will tell operators what the state of play is.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNIVERSAL ENERGY CARTRIDGE - It looks like a battery cartridge. It performs like a battery cartridge. It stores energy like a battery cartridge, but it is a hydrogen fuel store and fuel cell cartridge combination. But the cartridge is even more versatile. It works with methanol and ammonia, liquid hydrogen and compressed gas. It can also be a lithium battery cartridge. That is why we call in the 'Universal Battery.' It is a system where compatible vehicles are future proofed against technology changes. Which, let us face it, can happen almost overnight as the rate of innovation development today.

 

Think also of your buyers (private and fleet operators) and investors in the technology. If you invest in hydrogen and methanol takes over, you've lost your money. If you invest in lithium batteries and hydrogen takes over, you've lost you money. But, if you invest in the Universal Battery, it makes no difference what chemistry is inside. Your vehicle fleet is future proofed.

 

 

 

 

ANYTHING BUT OIL

Until oil becomes more expensive with carbon taxes, and subsidies abolished, motorists will have little or no incentive to switch to battery or fuel-cell electric vehicles. We might stick with internal combustion engines, but power them with biofuels, except that we need the land to grow crops, and forest (fires) clearing for such use is causing global warming. Or it might turn out more efficient to build electric cars with onboard batteries that you charge up at home.

 

 

 

LINKS & REFERENCES

 

https://www.blue-growth.org

 

 

 

 

 

PEMFC - Polymer exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) - The US Department of Energy (DOE) is focusing on the PEMFC as the most likely candidate for transportation applications. The PEMFC has a high power density and a relatively low operating temperature (ranging from 60 to 80 degrees Celsius, or 140 to 176 degrees Fahrenheit). The low operating temperature means that it doesn't take very long for the fuel cell to warm up and begin generating electricity.

 

 

 

 

 

Hydrogen can be produced in many different ways. Green, Yellow and Pink - use electricity and water. The other methods are not sustainable. And pink hydrogen uses nuclear power stations, that we hope will be phased out as being far too dangerous.


 

HYDROGEN COLOUR

METHOD

ENVIRONMENTAL RATING

-

-

-

WHITE

NATURALLY OCCURRING 

NEUTRAL

YELLOW HYDROGEN

SOLAR POWERED ELECTROLYSIS

CLEANEST

GREEN HYDROGEN

RENEWABLE ELECTROLYSIS

CLEAN

TURQUOISE HYDROGEN

METHANE PYROLYSIS

UNDER EVALUATION

BLUE HYDROGEN

STEAM REFORMATION

USING CARBON CAPTURE & STORAGE

PINK HYDROGEN

NUCLEAR POWERED ECOCIDE

LONG TERM POLLUTION ISSUES

GRAY HYDROGEN

STEAM REFORMATION

DIRTY

BROWN HYDROGEN

COAL GASIFICATION

SERIOUSLY DAMAGING

BLACK HYDROGEN

COAL GASIFICATION

SERIOUSLY DAMAGING

 

 

 

 

 

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 AMMONIA - COMPRESSED GAS - ECONOMY - FUEL CELLS - FUSION - HYDRIDES - LIQUID GAS - METHANOL

 

 

 

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