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BLACK MAGIC - As oil continues to decline, perhaps even disappearing within 50 years, larger bulk carriers may transition to solar and hybrid technology. The "Black Magic" concept tanker is a 125m long solar hybrid vessel that would cut greenhouse gas emissions by 75 to 100% - harnessing energy from the Sun, wind and waves to charge a lithium-ion storage system.
Black Magic is a 4,000 ton Solar Hybrid Vessel from Sauter Design Circa 2010 that reduces
GHG emissions by 75 to 100% by harnessing energy from the Sun, Wind & Waves.
Hydro & Aerodynamic advances in wave piercing pentamaran hull design.
Azimuth counter rotating CLT high torque propeller system.
State of the art fully rotational wing sails.
KER & Power sailing regeneration.
Maximum solar cell deployment (2,000 square meters)
- Energy efficient equipment; including AC & refrigeration waste heat recovery.
- Computerized energy management, maintenance & guidance systems.
Lithium ion UPS.
SUSTAINABLE CONTAINER SHIPS - This 50m concept vessel may be doubled and quadrupled without too much trouble. You'd need to up-scale by a factor of 8 to match the 400 meter ships that operate today to carry 960 standard containers. See our top ten list below. That is nowhere near the capacity of a heavy bunker fueled giant, but it is a formula for eventual 100% zero carbon transportation that is theoretically workable. We believe that such a system could eventually replace bunker fuels and eliminate the need for liquid fuels that may be potentially dangerous.
CARGO CONTENDERS A list of the top ten fossil fueled leaders that could benefit from solar and wind assistance. You may notice from the specification of these vessels that we are in the right ballpark for power to cargo ratio when comparing DWT to installed engine power:
The concept of using wind and solar power together on ships is
no longer science fiction, nor is it decades away. There are a number of
interesting concepts under development. In our view the first practical
application of combined wind and solar power was with Solar
Sailor, where sails were also solar panels that could be aimed. Before
this, in the 1980's several Japanese ships were fitted with rigid sails with the aim of reducing fuel
consumption, driven largely by the oil crisis in the 1970's which resulted in oil shortages and the price of oil soaring.
When the crisis passed and oil prices fell again, the viability of rigid sails in terms of cost was undermined.
A - Z SAIL AND SOLAR ASSISTED BOATS & SHIPS
LINKS & REFERENCES
TRANSFERABLE TECHNOLOGY - The design of the Climate Change Challenger might be adapted to Cargo, Container, Cruise and Ferry designs, without needing to radically alter port facilities. The designs above are not representative of adaptations of the concept, but serve to illustrate the thinking of other design houses.
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