EROSION - The
more land that we lose to grow crops the greater the food security
issue. As the ice caps melt, desertification spreads to make Earth more
The Universal Declaration of human rights 1948, recognizes the right of persons to seek asylum from persecution in other countries, the
United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, adopted in 1951, is the
centerpiece of international refugee protection today.
Warming of the planet by nations refusing to change or adapt from fossil fuels to sustainable sources that do not generate greenhouse gases, constitutes persecution of a kind that the G20 group have known about since at least 1990, but failed to address with due diligence. Indeed, the signs from Australia, China, India and Russia, are that they intend further climate warming
persecution, that in our view equates to geographical genocide, a crime
as per the Convention
Statute, International Criminal Court.
Storms and weather-related events have displaced an average of 24.1 million people every year around the world since 2008.
The World Bank estimates that another 143 million people will be displaced by 2050 in just three regions: sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America. These are the regions most affected by desertification.
Merely having a Conference once a year, does not mitigate the crime in progress.
As with climate COPs, they have been held to be disingenuous Flops and
Cop-Outs, rather than any genuine effort toward rectification.
Climate refugees should be able to seek compensation of sufficient magnitude to
dissuade those rogue nations from continuing on their present commercial expansionism, especially concerning the
burning of coal and the use of oil for transport and heating.
is such a serious problem that the United
Nations has a Convention to Combat the problem. They also hold
annual conferences involving something like 197 parties, known as COPs.
But so far they have been FLOPS, unable to halt the loss of agricultural
land, with talk and little action. As Greta Thunberg says: blah,
the loss of potential agricultural
land to barren wastes puts additional pressure on ocean fisheries
in the harvesting of wild fish and aquaculture
for farmed fish, to make up for the loss of food production leading to security
issues that is sure to involve millions starving and dying from
malnutrition as world
populations increase from 7 billion to 9 billion souls.
2025 the UN says two-thirds of the world will be living under “water-stressed” conditions – when demand outstrips supply during certain periods – with 1.8 billion people experience absolute water scarcity, where a region’s natural water resources are inadequate to supply the demand. Migration is likely to increase as a result of desertification, with the UN estimating that, by 2045, it will be responsible for the displacement of some 135 million people.
The importance of ensuring that land is well-managed is noted in the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which declares that “we are determined to protect the planet from degradation, including through sustainable consumption and production, sustainably managing its natural resources and taking urgent action on
climate change, so that it can support the needs of the present and future generations”. Specifically,
Goal 15 states our resolve to halt and reverse land degradation.
IT'S NOT JUST ABOUT SAND
In his message, Ibrahim Thiaw, the Executive Secretary of the UN Convention, said there are only three things all people need to know about the World Day to Combat Desertification:
* It isn’t just about sand,
* It isn’t an isolated issue that will quietly disappear; and
* It isn’t someone else’s problem
“It’s about restoring and protecting the fragile layer of land which only covers a third of the Earth, but which can either alleviate or accelerate the double-edged crisis facing our
biodiversity and our climate,” he said.
SECURITY - A study published by United Nations’ water researchers says there has been an “exponential increase” in global desalination capacity compared to 20 years ago — and a concomitant increase in the flow of polluted, hyper-salty brine water into the ocean.
While the biggest plants are located in the Middle East, North Africa, Spain and small island nations, the study estimates that there are now 15,906 desalination plants operating in 177 countries (with more than 300 in Sub-Saharan Africa).
South Africa has about 10 small desalination projects, including pilot plants built in the coastal cities of Cape Town and Richards Bay after the recent severe drought. Similar plans have been proposed to ease growing water demand in the Durban area.
The new research suggests that 40% of the world’s people face severe water scarcity already, and that this bleak situation will only get worse because of human population growth, development, inland water pollution and climate change.
Desertification is partly cause by desalination.
“However, there are even more stories about how poor land management has degraded an area twice the size of China and shaped a farming sector that contributes nearly a quarter of all
greenhouse gases,” he said, stressing that there are even more stories about how half the people on the planet are affected by that damaged land or live in urban areas, consuming resources that require 200 times as much land as their towns and cities and generating 70 per cent of emissions.
“Yet, the world is determined that by 2030, we will switch from destroying the
Earth to making it productive enough to grow a better future for everyone. If we take action to restore our degraded land, it will save $1.3 billion a day to invest in the
education, equality and
clean energy that can reduce
poverty, conflict and environmental migration,” noted Mr. Thiaw.
And while, better land management does not hold all the answers, it offers a stepping stone to reach global goals by 2030 and then act as a natural multiplier of their benefits.
“So, for this World Day to Combat Desertification, I am calling on everyone to drive this change from the ground up; to make choices and take action, either privately or professionally, as producers or consumers, to protect and restore our land. Let’s grow the future together,” he said.
The Convention’s 197 parties work together to improve the living conditions for people in drylands, to maintain and restore land and soil productivity, and to mitigate the effects of drought. The UNCCD is particularly committed to a bottom-up approach, encouraging the participation of local people in combating desertification and land degradation. The UNCCD secretariat facilitates cooperation between developed and developing countries, particularly around knowledge and technology transfer for sustainable land management.
As the dynamics of land, climate and biodiversity are intimately connected, the UNCCD collaborates closely with the other two Rio Conventions; the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the
United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC), to meet these complex challenges with an integrated approach and the best possible use of natural resources.
Desertification gives rise to mass human migration as climate change
refugees who will need feeding as a result of the excesses of the
implementation of the UNCCD is organized around these five regional
implementation annexes. The annexes specify how the Convention will be
implemented for each region and set the focus and content of regional
and subregional action programmes. These action programmes provide a
framework for regional coordination and collaboration. Though the
country Parties of the regions define together how the UNCCD will be
implemented, most action takes place at the national level.
JUNE 2019 - “Desertification, land degradation and drought are major threats affecting millions of people worldwide,” said the UN chief, “particularly women and children.”
Mr. Guterres said that it is time to “urgently” change such trends, adding that protecting and restoring land can “reduce forced migration, improve food security and spur economic growth”, as well as helping to address the “global climate emergency”.
THE PARTIES- Overview of countries per UNCCD Annex
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society organization (CSO), member of the Roster of Experts or a
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OF HABIT - The
United Nations is an organization that is finding it hard to persuade
kleptocratic members to change their dirty energy
and intensive farming
habits that are collectively eroding soil for growing crops at an
alarming rate. The reason being that their
more prominent members are the biggest users of fossil
fuels, with so
much invested in oil and gas
production that they cannot
give up this source of wealth creation. Their shareholders want
their dividends no matter how much it hurts the planet.